The Sri Lankan bird species include a very rich diversity and concentration of multi-featured species. Sri Lankan bird diversity includes resident, migrant and endemic species which are highly attractive and carry vibrant colors. In Sri Lanka the majority of birds are found in the lowland wet zone, river banks, coastal lines, lakes and wetland reserves, lagoons and the rainforests of the hill country. Most of the endemic birds of Sri Lanka could be viewed at the Sinharaja rain forest, Horton Plains National park and in many other wet zone wilderness sanctuaries. It is also evident that a number of species of birds, around 150, are migrants from the Temperate zone which migrate during the northern winter seasons. It is also reported that some of them even come from areas like Siberia.
Due to such grand diversity, bird watching in Sri Lanka is a popular excursion that attracts many nature lovers and photographers. There are various bird sanctuaries in Sri Lanka and prominent spots for bird watching. This includes places like Kumana which is situated in the east coast near Arugam Bay, Bundala and Kalamatiya located in the southern coast, Sinharaja rain forest in the south western part, Udawatta Kele, Horton Plains, Bellanwila, Muthurajawela, Minneriya, Kitulgala, Minipe, Yala and Udawalawe National Parks.